The past two Shabbats, we had an in depth book analysis for the book of Job. Prior to beginning the chapters, Arieyah provided a thorough monologue that breaks down what we would be studying in the upcoming chapters. The monologue has been transcribed below for your notes and reference.
Book: Job Author: Some scholars believe that Moses wrote the book of Job
Theme: An introspective and self analysis Date: Perhaps between 1657BCE – 1473BCE
- The meaning of Job’s name is uncertain. However, Job’s name has been known to mean “object of hostility”; although this particular etymology is spurious both historically and theologically.
- Job is one of the oldest books within the Hebrew canon. It is a book that was written to address two commonly asked questions:
- Why do the righteous suffer?
- We all have that question – If I am righteous, I shouldn’t be suffering. But yet the text says “There is not one righteous. No, not one.” So whomever asks this question doesn’t realize that there is no one who is holy righteous before the creator. And Job is going to be challenged on that premise. So it’s very important to understand what the premise is as we analyze the book of Job. Job’s righteousness and why am I as a righteous person suffering?
- Why do the wicked live? Why are they allowed to live?
- Why do the righteous suffer?
- These are questions that are going to be answered here in this analysis. The answers are found in this book and recorded as Job petitions in chapter 19:23-24
- The book of Job has become synonymous with words like: Patience, Faith, Endurance, Integrity and Righteousness.
- We find Job’s righteousness memorialized by Elohim in Ezekiel 14:14 (Ez. 14:12-20 was read in class)
- A treatment was done on this particular book because it is a very important book as it relates to us as individuals.
- How we perceive ourselves.
- The type of reflections we have as we go though various forms and types of tribulations; how we respond to it.
- Our faithfulness
- Our commitment.
- There are a lot of things in the book of Job, if we are patient. And if we analyze each word, each passage, each engagement to Job and each response then not only are we going to learn a lot about these characters, but we’re also going to learn a lot about ourselves. Because we should be able to see ourselves within this interaction.
- The righteousness as it relates to embracing the Most High’s covenant; this would be applicable to Daniel.
- The righteousness as it relates to embracing the inate or imputed tenants of righteous; this would be applicable to Job and Noah
- James 5:11
- Most Jewish and Christian scholars agree that the author of this book perhaps was Moses. Written at a time when there were very few righteous men who were beyond reproach; thus the reason for including it within the Hebrew canon. But Moses as an author is mere speculation from schloraship.
- No one knows who actually wrote the book of Job. We do understand that there was an author who perhaps completed the story as the author records Job’s death in 42:17. So if Job wrote the book, how did he write about his death? So there was an author.
- The period covers an age where the patriarchs were considered the Priest of their respective households and communities. Thus, it is highly probable that this story transpired before the Sinaitic covenant.
- In addition, there is no mention of a Tabernacle, Temple, Laws or Priesthood. These are the indicators that this particular story and events transpired before Moses.
- Finally, the author chooses to use the title Elohim, to address the Creator, Yah, throughout the entire book. A designation for the creator that is often found before the Sinatic covenant.
- The book of Job is a monotheistic book that glorifies the creator with the sentiments being shard by several characters within the story. Another demonstration that the knowledge of the one true Elohim or God was ubiquitous in the Ancient world.
- Now why is this book beneficial to us as disciples of Yah and practitioners of the Sinaitic covenant?
- The book of Job does an excellent job illustrating several facts about us as stewards of the creator.
- One fact is that we will never be as righteous as Yah, regardless of how much information we gather about him.
- The tenure we have in this culture, the number of verses we can memorize and our fluency in articulating Yah’s Sinaitic Laws – It will never compare to the wisdom of Yah
- Another fact, is there are various provocative elements that Yah will use to determine who we are as a person – such as family, job, health, wealth and friends.
- What’s the purpose of Job? This book has been canonized so that we can understand the value of humility and debasing one’s self before the Most High and in the eye’s of humanity. Doing a daily introspective and analysis to determine our strengths, weaknesses and shortfalls and resilience in tribulation. It will give us an insight into what death is, the need for mediation (someone more righteous then yourself to stand in the gap), the rewards for the righteous and the wicked, the elements and purposes of tribulation and the character or nature of the Creator. These are some of the things we will find as a revelation in the book of Job.
- The story begins with a short narrative of Job and how righteous he was before Elohim. Job’s righteous was favored by Yah, but was assumed to be disingenuous by Helel, Satan, which engendered a challenge that Job would compromise his righteousness and integrity if he were afflicted with adversity, trials and tribulations.
- Helel’s position is that mankind will regress from divine servitude if he faces adversity and that man is at best a hypocrite.
- His righteousness is pretense displaying a level of righteousness and holiness but not with sincerity and integrity. There is so much that the book has to offer a worshipper and a disciple if one pays attention to the interaction.
- Pay attention to Job’s (3) friends: Bildad, Zophar and Eliphaz and then we’re going to introduce a young brother named Elihu, which means “My God is He”
- The book should allow an in-depth introspective into ourselves and our live, which should assist us in procuring a better relationship with Yah.
May the blessings of Yah be with you and your family!