This past Shabbat we began our studies with the last book in the Torah, Deuteronomy. We were provided with a Monologue, which outlines the objective of the book and where our studies will take us. The Monologue provided by Arieyah has been provided below for your notes and reference:
Author: Moshe Theme: Holiness Date: 1450-1410 B.C.
- The book of Deuteronomy is the last book of the Torah, or Pentateuch.
- It is one of the most widely cited books in the New Testament canon quoted or cited some 195 times in the New Testament according to the United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament, which demonstrates the influence it has had over first century Jewry.
- The only other books cited that exceed citations from Deuteronomy are Psalms, Isaiah, Genesis and Exodus.
- Mentioned previously, the book of Deuteronomy has had a great impact on the spiritual psyche and transformation of the first century Judeans. This fact can be corroborated from Yahshua’s baptism and trial narrative.
- After Yahshua’s baptism he quoted the book of Deuteronomy to defend his position against Satan (Matt 4:1-11). The passages he quotes are Deuteronomy 8:3; 6:16,13.
- When Yahshua was asked by a Pharisee which is the greatest commandment in the law he responded by quoting Deuteronomy 6:5 (Matt 22:36-37).
- Yahshua’s citation also reveals the source of Israel’s creedal statement called the Shema, the command to hear Yah’s commands. Once again this highlights the importance and significance of this book as it served as the cornerstone for developing our theology.
- Deuteronomy leaves the children of Israel with a memorial, a legacy of the past, present and future.
- It is a book that impresses upon the heart of the reader the important of keeping the Sinaitic covenant and the rewards found therein based upon the promises of Yah.
- Deuteronomy infuses the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus and Numbers retelling stories that originated in these books as a reminder of their past and what lies ahead of them in the future.
- It is Moses’s farewell address to the nation of Israel where he encourages the Israelites to remain faithful after they have settled in the promise land.
- It is the book that Moses informs his people that their disobedience will invoke a plethora of curses, and yet, if they confess their crimes against Yah he will redeem them from their captivities in foreign lands where they will have been scattered.
- In the Hebrew canon, this book is called Debarim, “words”. However, the name Deuteronomy originates from the Greek Septuagint translation of the book titled Deuteronomion, which adjoins the Greek word deuteros, meaning “second,” and nomos, meaning “law,” and thus, the book means “Second Law” or the “Repetitions of the Law.”
- Although there are laws in this book that do not appear in the preceding Torah books, the book should be looked upon as an explanation of the laws found in the previous four books designed to bring lucidity to previous passages considered to be ambiguous.
- However, there will be laws that do not appear in any of the previous four books that will engender future controversy. These laws we call the Mosaic law.
- Th author is arguably Moses based upon 31:9 and 24 with his successor Joshua completing his work, the is to say writing about his death 34.
- Most scholars believe that the book has been edited and reedited from the period of the Davidic dynasty to the second century BC, yielding the work we have today in it’s final form.
- Whatever the conclusions, the book is a great work designed to continue to reflect Yah’s will, His holiness, righteousness, consequences of sin and the rewards of obedience.
May the blessings of Yah be with you and your family!